Grading systems of the institutions

ECTS Regulation

1. General information

ECTS Credit System at the National Transport University is regulated by the Internal ECTS Regulations approved by the Academic Council of the University. Its full version can be available here:

ECTS is a learner ? centered system for credit accumulation and transfer based on the transparency of learning outcomes and learning processes.

ECTS is widely used in formal higher education and can be applied to other lifelong learning activities.

It aims to facilitate planning, delivery, evaluation, recognition and validation of qualifications and units of learning as well as student mobility.

ECTS credits ? are based on the workload students need in order to achieve expected learning outcomes.

Learning outcomes describe what a learner is expected to know, understand and be able to do after successful completion of a process of learning. They relate to level descriptors in national and European qualifications frameworks.

Workload ? indicates the time students typically need to complete all learning activities (such as lectures, seminars, projects, practical work, self-study and examinations) required to achieve the expected learning outcomes.

2. Management of ECTS at the National Transport University

1.Departmental ECTS Coordinators appointed by the Rector of the University supervise the proper implementation of ECTS at particular faculties and are responsible for:

a)implementing and abiding the ECTS regulations at the given faculty

b)supervising the mechanisms aimed at ensuring proper ECTS implementation

c)supervising the process of ECTS allocation to particular courses

d)providing students and staff with information on ECTS system at the University.

3. ECTS methodology

Students are obliged to receive minimum 30 ECTS credits for one semester, 60 for the whole year.

Minimal number of ECTS credit to accomplish particular cycle of studies:

a)1st cycle studies for bachelor ? 240 ECTS

b)2nd cycle studies for graduates of bachelor ? 90 ECTS

1 ECTS equals to 30 hours of workload done by a student.

1 full academic year = 60 credits

1 semester = 30 credits

The allocation of credits at the National Transport University depends on the year of studies, number of semesters that a course lasts and the individual work that a student must do in order to pass the course. The more additional work students have, the more ECTS points are given to a certain subject. Students are obliged to gain minimum 30 ECTS points for one semester, 60 for the whole year.

4. ECTS Grades

The grading scale used in majority of programmes ranges from 2.0 to 5.0.

  • 5.0 is the highest grade and the lowest passing grade is 3.0.
  • 4.0 is the norm for a good pass.

The ECTS grading table reflects the actual distribution of grades under new system:

  Equivalent ECTS Grades
5Excellent A Excellent
4Good B/C Good